Saltzan (2006). Risks of Consociationalism in Sudan
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Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) is flawed and representative of many weaknesses of
consociationalism. The CPA misunderstands the root causes of conflict in Sudan, oversimplifying Sudanese history to a conflict between particular groups in its Arab north and African south. In the CPA’s efforts to mitigate the grounds for future conflict between the north and south, it divides the new Sudanese state largely between those groups. However, Sudan is much more complicated than the CPA suggests. The country is much better conceived as a scattering of peripheral regions, groups from which have recurrently battled the central state for fairer shares of public resources. These grievances motivate ongoing violence in western and eastern Sudan, where armed groups rebel against their marginalization from the CPA’s state institutions; those grievances can be observed today within parts of the north and south, too. I conclude with recommendations for how the CPA should be amended.