Riehl (2001). Who is ruling in South Sudan. The role of NGOs in rebuilding socio-political order
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“Not only is the third sector operating on a more significant scale, but it is also extending its role in some countries to substitute for government in what might be regarded as ‘classic’ state functions. In Northern Uganda and Southern Sudan voluntary aid agencies have virtually operated as local administrations, co-ordinating and planning operations...” (Hulme 1991, 4f). Tvedt (1994, 91), referring to the political situation and the INGO-involvement in South Sudan between 1972 and 1983 says: “...[T]hey themselves became local substitutes for state administration. The NGOs assumed in a very efficient manner the welfare functions of an ordinary state.” Both statements published at the beginning of the 1990s, reflected the strategic and political situation in South Sudan. Having undergone little change, one can observe today a consolidation of a ‘normal’ economic life and peace in most areas of South Sudan. Why, even under favourable socio-political conditions, do INGOs and international agencies1 persist in acting as if there is still a full-scale emergency
operation in place?....