Pendal et all (2011). A Letter from Warrap State. The dangers of disarmament
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With South Sudan now over one month old, confident, fresh declarations of disarmament have started. Many cities, even before the 9th July, participated in curfews and searches for illicit arms held by civilians. However, now the promise is to extend the disarmament campaign to the majority of the population who are found in the rural areas. This will occur simultaneously with a promised increase of troops deployed into the most insecure states. It has been suggested that a further total of 15,000 troops will be deployed in Lakes State, Warrap State and Unity State and that the disarmament process will start in Lakes State. Currently, in many counties in Warrap State, it is the Titweng (the cattle guard) who offer security for the communities and their property. Consisting of teenage and young adult, civilian males, the Titweng of Warrap State first replaced spears and clubs with guns during the North-South war. The Titweng describe the origin of their weapons as Ethiopia – brought back to Warrap State from the SPLA training grounds in the 1980s. Not only were they the leftover guns of the soldiers, but also the Titweng understand that they were intentionally armed by the SPLA in the1990s. This was to facilitate the Titweng’s assistance in defense of the SPLA held areas post the division of the SPLA and the conflict from the Nasir-SPLA in Unity State. Since the 1990s, guns have also been acquired by the Titweng through the market and from the booty of battle.