Marshall (2006). Literacy, Language, Non-Formal Education and Alternative Learning Opportunities in Southern Sudan’
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This study is the recent Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005 between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/ Army (SPLM/A), the main rebel movement in the South, and the Government of Sudan (GOS). The SPLM is now part of the Government of National Unity, and has formed the core of the Government of SouthernSudan (GOSS). GOSS is responsible for the administration of Southern Sudan including those areas that were previously under GOS control (e.g. garrison towns like Juba or Wau). The 20 year long war has left many, particularly those in the South, without any education. GOS statistics give the literacy rate of Sudan in 1998 as 57.2% though it is not clear whether this includes Southern Sudan or not (GOS Federal Ministry of Education and UNESCO 2005). The adult literacy rate for Southern Sudan is 24% (NSCSE 2004: 3). Given this, one of the seven sub-components of the Master Program for Reconstruction and Development of Basic Education in Sudan (GOS Federal Ministry of Education and UNESCO 2005) proposes the development of alternative learning opportunities for adults and adolescents. As a contribution towards this, UNESCO Institute of Education1 (UIE) has commissioned this research to form a building block to design a project proposal for literacy and alternative learning opportunities for adults and adolescents that takes into account the multilingual reality of Sudan and builds on current best practice. The author of this report, Jaqueline Marshall2, was commissioned by UIE to carry out the research, focusing on Southern Sudan only, during the period June- July 2006 inclusive. A parallel study is being done by a different researcher for Northern Sudan.