Latigo (2008). Community Capacities To Learn Across & Transform Conflicts In Malakal Area
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As the political transition unfolds in Southern Sudan after over two decades of civil war, the society is being confronted by a difficult legacy of human rights abuses and latent tensions that threaten to explode into conflict again. Various options for intervention are possible in order to promote justice, peace and reconciliation. These may include: prosecuting individual perpetrators; establishing truth-seeking initiatives to address past abuses; providing reparations to victims of human rights violations; facilitating reconciliation processes; and/or doing nothing, forgetting and moving on.
Sudan’s range of issues to grapple with are extensive, and stem from the legacies of civil war, colonialism, ethnic divides, violent land disputes, pacification campaigns, and religious affiliation among others. Sudan’s complex history and violent past has led to low quality of life and the erosion of property, institutions, livelihoods and dreams.
The Southern Sudanese communities affected were known to maintain distinct identities based on their ethnic or tribal cultural orientations, characterized by unique belief systems, values, norms and practices that guided the coexistence of societies for generations. Many of these core cultural values were desecrated or weakened during the last few decades as a consequence of the conflict.