lisa monaghan

Lako (1985). The Impact of the Jonglei Scheme on the Economy of the Dinka

THE JONGLEI SCHEME ist he most ambitious project currently being under-taken in the Sudan. Its social, political and economic impact on the country will obviously be great; but in particular, it will affect the lives of the people living there dramatically. The main aim of the Jonglei Scheme is to provide additional irrigation water to the North and Egypt. But it is hoped by the planners that the scheme will also create social development and increase wealth amongst the societies that live in the canal zone. This paper sets out to examine some of the ways in which the scheme will affect the Dinka trans human pastoralist way of life. Most of the data was obtained during a field survey of 110 Dinka households carried out between January and June, 1981, in various villages in the canal area, particularly Kongor.1 In addition, my previous research experience in the area as a member of a government-sponsored research team between November 1975 and July 1977 augmented gaps in my 1981 fieldwork. Section One begins with a short history of the origin of the idea of the Jonglei Canal and provides some basic information about the technical, financial and administrative aspects of the project. The canal has been under construction since 1978. Sections Two and Three sketches the present day Dinka social, political and economic organization. This is important in order that the contrast between government and Dinka views about development (discussed in Section Three) and the analysis of the impact of Phases One and Two of the project (discussed in Section Five) are placed in the proper perspective. The paper concludes with some remarks which, in general, cast doubts on the benefits that the canal has been expected to bring to the Dinka

Category: Economics and Livelihoods

Sub-category: Community, Land, Socio-Cultural Groups and Practices