P. Johnson (2005). Remittance Patterns of Southern Sudanese Refugee Men
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Sudanese refugee men who send money to support family members elsewhere while providing for self and family in their country of resettlement are enacting the role of a global breadwinner. As global breadwinners, they may experience financial role strain because financial obligations to family members in Sudan leave fewer resources for their own resettlement. In addition, the men may experience emotional strain from the anxiety that comes with financial obligations to family members who reside in refugee camps or war-affected areas, and from not being able to carry out the global breadwinner role as much as they would like. While those who send remittances may have increased emotional and financial strain, they may also feel a sense of pride and accomplishment in helping family members with remittances. Akuei (2004) points out how important remittances are in creating social continuity in a system that has been fragmented by war and displacement.
Objectives of this paper were (1) to document the patterns of sending remittances by Sudanese refugee men and (2) to identify predictor variables for the financial and emotional strain associated with sending remittances. The hypothesis for objective 2 is: More social support, greater religiosity, larger proportion of income spent on remittances, being single, in Canada a longer time, and poorer English proficiency will be predictive of reduced financial and emotional strain of sending remittances.