IOM (2009). Total Returns to South Sudan Post CPA
Download this report
The March 2005 report of the Sudan Joint Assessment Mission (JAM) estimated that approximately four million people were displaced from (or within) Southern Sudan by the 1983 to 2005 civil war between northern and southern Sudan. Following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in January 2005, IOM calculated that both North-South and South-South return movements stand at almost 1.7 million (see Section 5, below).
While those assisted in their return within the joint UN-IOM/GNU/GoSS-assisted return programme (approximately 112,000 individuals) have been closely monitored; others who have elected to return by themselves continue to pose enormous challenges to the international community and authorities that try to locate them, and provide support.
To address these challenges, the IOM Tracking of Spontaneous Returns Programme gathers detailed information such as return numbers, basic demographic information (sex, age) and special needs/vulnerabilities of IDPs and refugees who have spontaneously returned to Southern Sudan and Southern Kordofan.
IOM has been involved in the tracking of spontaneous returnees since the signing of the CPA, but assumed full responsibility for the programme from OCHA in 2006. Since that time, IOM has made a number of significant enhancements to the tracking system in terms of coverage, methodology and statistical analysis.
This report represents the culmination of the effort to provide accurate tracking of a large number of the returns within a huge geographic area and give a statistically valid estimate of the total number of returns to Southern Sudan and Southern Kordofan.