D. Deng (2011). Land, Justice, Reparation and Reform in Postwar South Sudan
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This paper evaluates the government’s attempts at land and economic reform during the interim period. It argues that the reform process could benefit by incorporating principles of restorative justice. Closely related to the field of transitional justice, restorative justice seeks to rebuild social relationships in transitional states by repairing harms caused by wartime human rights abuses. Recognizing the fluidity of labels such as ‘victim’ and ‘perpetrator’, it goes beyond legalistic definitions to encourage reconciliation by focusing on the needs of all those affected by violent conflict. When seen in this light, community land ownership becomes a form of reparation for past violations of the economic, social and cultural rights of South Sudanese communities.