Kapoeta North County, Eastern Equatoria

General information

2016 population projection: 151,976

Major population centers: Paringa and Karukomuge Payams

Major ethnic group: Toposa, Boya

Displacement risk:


* about this map

Economy & livelihoods

Kapoeta North County is mostly arid and residents engage in animal husbandry as their primary means of livelihood, with some subsistence farming also taking place. Cattle raids are an ongoing source of conflict. Competition over resources drives intercommunal conflict as the County has grazing land but no water dams for the dry season. As a result, resident herders tend to migrate to the flood plains of neighbouring Lafon/Lopa County during the dry season, which often brings them into conflict with local herders and farmers. There have been frequent droughts in recent years. A 2012 study found child health and nutrition indicators in Kapoeta North are the lowest among the counties of Eastern Equatoria State. The County experiences chronic food insecurity primarily due to poor food production systems. Most households rely on the local market for staple foods.

IPC projection for Jan-Mar 2016

Kapoeta North County is classified as “Crisis” for this time period. According to the Annual Needs and Livelihood Analysis 2014 2015** report, the food security situation in the County had improved within the reporting period, though there was still a deficit of 8,125 tons of cereal in 2015. Threats to food security across the state more broadly include conflict related insecurity that disrupts market access, inclement weather, deprecating currency, rising market prices and dwindling cereal stocks at household level.
**A collaborative effort by the Republic of South Sudan, UN agencies and development partners

Historical context

Dominant Control during conflict: SPLA

Eastern Equatoria has not witnessed large scale fighting in the national conflict. The major threats to people’s livelihoods in Greater Kapoeta (Kapoeta North, South and East) are cattle raiding, armed banditry and persistent droughts. Kapoeta North has also been struggling economically, tied to the overall deterioration of the economy since the outbreak of conflict. For example, in March 2015 prisoners in Riwoto rioted due to lack of food, with seven inmates killed in the subsequent confrontation with authorities. UNMISS determined that the contractor had stopped delivering food to the prison due to lack of payment.

About the map *

This map follows the administrative county boundaries 2005-2015. Our aim is to identify key geographic, demographic and historical features of the area, rather than political/administrative issues. In doing so, SSHP expresses no view on the development of the 28 state policy

Geography & logistics


Chumakori, Karukomuge, Lomeyen, Mosingo, Najie, Paringa

Geographical features

Mostly plains with short, thorny shrub and clay soil as typical of the Pastoral livelihood zone, which the County falls under. The Sitiri River is located in the County’s north.

Main roads

Apart from a series of unconfirmed paths, there are essentially no established road networks in Kapoeta North. A secondary road connecting Kapoeta Town to Kimotong Village passes through a corner of Kapoeta North County briefly (and is only open to 4WD vehicles less than 3.5 metric tons, in the dry season).

All season fixed-wing airstrips



Information last updated: 26/08/16

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