Budi County, Eastern Equatoria

General information

2016 population projection: 146,643

Major population centers: Chukudum town in Komori Payam; Napak, Kimotong, Lotukei and Nauro Payams

Major ethnic group: Didinga, with minority of Buya

Displacement risk:

Low risk of displacement.

* about this map

Economy & livelihoods

Residents rely on both farming and animal husbandry (e.g. goats, chicken and sheep) for their livelihoods. The Didinga Hills, which sits roughly at the center of the County, has particularly fertile soil and used to be a key production area for tobacco. However, it is unclear whether production still continues as little research has been conducted in recent years. Environmental degradation, in part due to inefficient management practices, may have reduced the quality of soil in some parts of the County since the 1990s.

IPC projection for Jan-Mar 2016

Budi County is classified as “Stressed” for this time period. According to the Annual Needs and Livelihood Analysis 2014-2015 report**, the food security situation in the County had improved within the reporting period, with a surplus of 7,697 tons of cereal in 2015. Sufficient rainfall the previous year enhanced the regeneration of pastures.
**A collaborative effort by the Republic of South Sudan, UN agencies and development partners

Historical context

The County has not been the site of active fighting though, like other Eastern Equatoria counties, there has been small scale displacement from other states, some defections from the army and an SPLA recruitment drive following the outbreak of violence in 2013.

However, Budi County has seen significant intercommunal violence which may have been exacerbated by the national conflict. The local communities reportedly object to SPLA barracks in Chukudum village and elsewhere in the County. SPLA elements have reportedly committed human rights violations against civilians in the past – including arbitrary arrests – with impunity, which has exacerbated tensions and led to retaliatory attacks. For example, in September 2014 the SPLA arrested and reportedly tortured a civilian in Chukudum without formally charging the individual. In June 2015, residents attacked the Budi county commissioner and killed two of the official’s bodyguards. The following day, SPLA forces burned down roughly 130 houses, apparently in retaliation. There is also significant intercommunal division between the Didinga and Buya communities which has resulted in several reported armed clashes, in particular involving youth. In at least one incident (in December 2014), national police prevented UNMISS from investigating cases of alleged human rights abuses – which has made verification of conflicts difficult.

About the map *

This map follows the administrative county boundaries 2005-2015. Our aim is to identify key geographic, demographic and historical features of the area, rather than political/administrative issues. In doing so, SSHP expresses no view on the development of the 28 state policy

Geography & logistics


Kimotong, Komori, Loriyok, Lotukei, Loudo, Nagishot, Napak, Nauro

Geographical features

The Didinga Hills sits roughly in the center of the County, though some residents reportedly refer to all hills and valleys within the County as part of the Didinga Hills. In between the high elevations of Budi’s eastern and western borders lie relatively flat lowland plains. The Kidepo Valley is located in the County’s south, next to the border from Uganda. The Kidepo River runs along the County’s western side. Budi County is also close to the border with Kenya. The lowlands are prone to drought but the areas with higher elevation experience sufficient rainfall for agriculture. Budi is part of the Hills and Mountains livelihood zone.

Main roads

Chukudum town connects to Ikotos County to its west and Kapoeta South County to its north via a secondary road. A secondary road also runs south to the border with Uganda, through Urungo village. A secondary road runs north to Lafon County. One primary road runs roughly along the horizontal axis of the County (north of Chukudum). Accessibility on the road to Ikotos and Kapoeta South is unknown. The road heading north to Lafon County is only accessible to 4WD (<3.5 metric tons) with unknown seasonal conditions, similar to the route to Uganda. The road which stretches horizontally across the County (connecting Torit to Kapoeta, with link to Chukudum) is in relatively good condition and open throughout the year to all vehicles.

All season fixed-wing airstrips

Nagasho and Napep.


Information last updated: 26/08/16

For more information, please contact us

  Reports by state