Wulu County, Lakes
2016 population projection: 58,435
Major population centers: Wullu town
Major ethnic group: Jur bel, Bongo
There is low risk of internal displacement and Wulu County has received few IDPs.
Economy & livelihoods
The Jur bel of Wulu County are the only residents of Lakes State who are predominantly dependent on agriculture, with only a minority of households supplementing their livelihoods by raising animals (such as goats, sheep and poultry). Crops cultivated include sorghum, millet, cow peas, green gram, groundnut and sweet potatoes. In some regions, pumpkin, maize and cassava are also grown on a limited scale. Honey is a unique local product, which residents harvest three times a year, in March, June and August/September. Within the Jur bel community, the number of beehives owned by a household is an indicator of its wealth. Poor households may own between 5 10 beehives, while households owning 150 300 are considered wealthy, according to a 2008 Oxfam study. An average hive produces 10 liters of honey annually. Beekeeping is considered a highly productive livelihood activity as it does not have particular demands on quality of land, can be undertaken by any member of the household, requires little startup capital and has both direct benefits (in the form of honey and beeswax cash crops), as well as indirect benefits from pollination. Tensions arise when cattle keepers from Rumbek East move through Wulu to seek water and grazing land, causing damage to local farms and beehives.
IPC projection for Jan-Mar 2016
The County is classified as “Minimal” for this time period. According to the Annual Needs and Livelihood Analysis 2014 2015** report, the County’s food security outlook had improved over the reporting period and had a surplus of 165 tons of cereal in 2015.
**A collaborative effort by the Republic of South Sudan, UN agencies and development partners
Dominant Control during conflict: SPLA
Wulu County has not been majorly affected by the ongoing national crisis. It has not been the site of conflict, nor received many IDPs. While details are scarce, given the increase in intercommunal violence across Lakes State it is likely that some residents of other counties have fled into Wulu in order to escape conflict. For example, in January 2015 it was reported that some residents of Rumbek East had fled into Wulu County as a result of intercommunal violence, however humanitarian agencies were not able to confirm numbers.
Highway banditry is a security threat on the main road to Rumbek. In recent years, several civilians have been killed while traveling on the road, including women, with no apparent motive. The identity of attackers is often unknown as they disappear into the bush.
BROADER LAKES STATE TRENDS:
The SPLA SPLA IO conflict appears to have exacerbated intercommunal violence nation wide. There have been decades of inter clan and intra clan violence in Lakes State, however there has been an alarming rise in intercommunal violence and cycles of revenge attacks since early 2014. The influx of IDPs and their livestock inevitably strains existing, limited resources, including grazing land, water and salt licks. Migrating herds may destroy crops, leading to conflict between migrating herders and resident farmers. Intermingling between local and newly arrived herds led to the spread of diseases to previously unaffected cattle populations. Locals sometimes raise concerns that new arrivals will claim land for themselves and eventually refuse to leave. Ongoing insecurity may also embolden criminal elements, who may use the environment of impunity to conduct more cattle raids, looting, and other criminal activities. Finally, the proliferation of small arms among Lakes State civilians appears to have increased the level of violence of these clashes and led to higher death tolls.
Also notable is that mistrust between the Government and Lkes State residents remain a possible source of conflict. There is significant local opposition to the state’s military caretaker governor, Maj Gen Matur Chut Dhoul, appointed by the president, who has been accused of exacerbating instead of reducing intercommunal violence.
Geography & logistics
Bargel, Domoloto, Makundi, Wulu
Wulu County is classified as belonging to the Ironstone Plateau livelihood zone, which is characterized by open savannah woodlands. The sandy, clay soil is considered moderately fertile and supports production of a variety of crops. The average annual rainfall is about 1,100 1,300mm for this livelihood zone. The rainy season lasts from March to November. The rivers Gulnam and Roah flow through the County. The relatively flat Lakes State tends to flood, including Wulu County.
A primary road connects Wulu town to Rumbek, the state capital, to its north and Mvolo County, Western Equatoria State, to its southeast. It is part of the road corridor connecting Rumbek to Juba (linking also Mvolo, Mundri and Jambo en route). The road is gravel and smooth for most of the journey, except for some rough road 15 kilometers on either side of Doteku village. However, it is considered open to all vehicles in all seasons. The majority of Wulu has no established road networks.
All season fixed-wing airstrips
None. Airfields at Wulu and Alcool were marked as not in use, as of a 2013 Logistics Cluster map.
Information last updated: 26/08/16
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