Duk County, Jonglei
2016 population projection: 86,992
Major population centers: Duk Fadiat
Major ethnic group: Dinka (Hoi) and Dinka (Nyarweng)
Displacement early in the conflict, but most recent reports from Duk County describe the return of refugees from other parts of the country. At the high end, local authorities report that 6,000 people have returned to Duk (Sudan Tribune Mar, 2016). In a separate report, the estimate is that more than 400 families have returned to the county (Radio Tamazuj, April 2016). Displaced people are returning from Uganda, Kenya, and places within South Sudan, including Juba, Nimule, Mingkaman, and Bor.
Economy & livelihoods
Duk County is part of the “Nile Sobat Rivers” and “Eastern Flood Plains” livelihood zones (ACTED 2013). The main activities in these livelihood zones include agriculture, rearing livestock, and fishing. The main crops grown are sorghum, maize, groundnut and cowpeas. The River Nile flows along the county’s western border and is a major transport and natural asset. Livestock normally move towards the River Nile from February to April and return to homesteads from May to June. There is a traditional livestock migration from Ayod County into the Sudd wetlands of Duk County (ACTED Mar, 2015). Under normal conditions floods are a main livelihood hazard as they can limit fishing activities and reduce crop, livestock, and wild foods production. Additionally, cattle raids, livestock diseases, crop pests and drought are major factors affecting livelihoods. The conflict caused significant displacement from, and then into Duk County, further imperiling livelihoods. It is unclear how cattle migration patterns have been influenced.
IPC projection for Jan-Mar 2016
The IPC projected “crisis” levels of food insecurity for Duk County for January through March 2016. In the first year of the war, the IPC consistently reported “emergency” levels of insecurity for the county. For April through September of 2015, it did not have data to report on for the county, except for the “crisis” levels in displaced persons camps. It has continued to report “crisis” levels for the entire county since September 2015.
Dominant Control during conflict: Mostly SPLA/M control. Some areas in eastern Duk are controlled by the opposition.
After the government retook Bor town, the SPLA (and UPDF) pushed north towards Ayod. They moved into Twic East and Duk counties by April 2014. While majority Dinka, Duk and Twic East Counties have worked to maintain stable relationships with neighboring Nuer communities, the SPLA IO, and white armies. Connections between Dinka and Nuer communities in eastern Duk are among the strongest in the country (Crisis 2014). As a result, the SPLA IO and white armies, largely bypassed Duk and Twic East Counties in December 2013 as they advanced towards Bor town. Violence against Dinka civilians has been most concentrated Bor South County. Generally, Dinka communities from Greater Bor have not mobilized behind the SPLA in large numbers, especially in comparison to Upper Nile State. Many in Greater Bor saw the conflict as “brought by those of Bahr el Ghazal” and did not want to fight a war to preserve Kiir’s presidency (Crisis 2014).
More limited violence in Duk has been led by the Gawaar Nuer white armies from the north. The abduction by rebel forces of the paramount chief of Duk in February 2014 reportedly resulted in dozens of people being killed or injured (SAS 2014). One month later, Gawaar Nuer youth from Ayod and other opposition elements attacked Duk County, in reaction to further reports of the targeting of Nuer by the SPLA in Juba. Thousands were displaced from Duk to Twic East or to the swamps in western parts of the county as a result of this violence. More recently, following a July 2015 attack between Ayueldit and Poktap in Duk County, subsequent reports disagreed as to whether perpetrators were Lou Nuer white army fighters or merely “criminals terrorizing people” (Sudan Tribune).
Throughout 2015 and 2016, periodic cattle raids and abductions were also reported. Most reports cite Murle raiders as the suspected perpetrators. In June 2016, plans to hold a peace conference between neighboring Jonglei State and the new Boma State were announced. Its reported aim is at address these intercommunal conflict dynamics.
Geography & logistics
Ageer, Dongchak, Padiek, Pagak, Panyang, Payuel
The western half of Duk County is covered with several rivers, lakes, and marshland, including the White Nile. The area immediately around the Nile is characterized by swampy vegetation of papyrus, reeds, Napier grass and bush scrub. Moving east, the landscape is characterized by low, flood plains and bush.
A main road runs east through Duk County, connecting Bor to Malakal. Duk Fadiat town is connected to this main road via a short secondary road that extends northeast to Mwot Tot. Another secondary road travels north from Duk Fadiat to Ayod.
All season fixed-wing airstrips
None. Closest one is in Mabior.
Information last updated: 26/08/16
For more information, please contact us