13/05/2016
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Twic County, Warrap


General information

2016 population projection: 280,880

Major population centers: Turalei. Turalei is/was the capital of the Twic County. Some in town seriously object to the making of Mayen Abun the capital of Twic State, as part of the new 28 state structure.

Major ethnic group: Rek Dinka (Twic Mayaardit)

Displacement risk:

Medium to unclear.

Warrap State is not among the states most affected by the 2013 2016 national conflict. However, since independence, Warrap State and Twic County specifically have received significant numbers of returnees from Sudan and periodic, large influxes of refugees from fighting in Abyei. From January to May of 2016, 55,000 refugees from South Sudan have fled to East Darfur, South Darfur and West Kordofan.  Refugees are largely driven by ongoing conflict and severe food insecurity.  Many come from neighboring Northern Bahr al Ghazal State and Warrap States, though the exact county of origin is unclear.  Much of the refugees come from the border regions around Twic, Gogrial East, Abyei and Unity State.

*National Bureau of Statistics, Population projections for South Sudan by County 

* about this map





Economy & livelihoods

The main livelihood activities in Twic are cattle rearing (32 percent), farming (32 percent), fishing along the River Lol (29 percent) and some other activities, including trading (4 percent).  The county’s major crops include sorghum, maize, groundnuts, sesame, vegetables, milet and cassava.

Pastoralists throughout Warrap State, Unity State, and Abyei migrate during the dry season, in search of water in various parts of northeastern and eastern Warrap State.  Misseriya nomads from Western Darfur and Abyei traditionally cross into Twic during this time.  Competition over resources and cattle raiding between Arab Misseriya and Twic and Rek Dinka communities has led to periodic conflicts.

In addition, general conflict events in Abyei have a direct spillover effect into Twic County, with fighting and refugees disrupting local livelihoods.  Before independence, Warrap State traditionally depended on food surpluses from Abyei, but security conditions since have disrupted food supplies from the north.

Finally, livelihoods throughout Warrap State are also vulnerable to volatile weather patterns, including floods, droughts, and delayed rains.

IPC projection for Jan-Mar 2016

In December 2015, the IPD updated its projections for food security in Twic from “stressed” to “crisis” levels. The change reflects the effects of disrupted trade (due to localized insecurity) and reduced crop harvests after prolonged dry spells throughout the country.

Historical context

Dominant Control during conflict: SPLA/M.  The SPLA/M remains dominant in the county.  In February 2016, the Twic Governor reported that no SPLA IO members have lobbied for appointments in Twic state, even though opposition leadership is entitled to 15 percent state executive positions according to terms of August 2015 peace deal.

Twic’s northern border with the Abyei area is a key source of tension between North and South Sudan, generally.  The Misseriya nomads from Western Darfur and Abyei traditionally cross into Warrap State during the dry season. This often results in increased tensions and conflict over resources with local Twic Dinka communities. Events in Abyei, generally, have had a direct spill‐over effect into Warrap State.  Various Abyei border and communal conflicts displaced up to 20,000 people in 2008 2009 and thousands more in 2011 2012.

The most recent consultative conference aimed at improving the relationship between the Dinka communities from Twic (and Gogrial West) and the Misseriya Awlad Kamil of Sudan occurred in September 2015.   In January 2016, 8 cattle herders from Aweil East State were killed in Twic (Akoc Thon Payam), but the Twic governor stated that the security situation in the county had returned to normal shortly thereafter.

Twic is the also the county in Warrap State with the highest presence of international organizations.

About the map *

This map follows the administrative county boundaries 2005-2015. Our aim is to identify key geographic, demographic and historical features of the area, rather than political/administrative issues. In doing so, SSHP expresses no view on the development of the 28 state policy

Geography & logistics

Payams

Turalei, Aweng, Wunrok, Panyok, Akoc, Ajak Kuac

Geographical features

The River Lol(l) flows from Gogrial West (where it is called Akon River) through Twic County (where it is called the Wunrok River) into Unity State.  Several seasonal rivers exist during the State’s rainy season (July to December).  Some areas of Twic County are completely inaccessible during this time, with up to 70 percent of the county under water.

Main roads

Primary road north south from Western Bahr el Ghazal through Twic.  The road splits at Wunrok, continuing due north to Abyei and northeast through Turalei into Unity State.

All season fixed-wing airstrips

None in Twic.  The closest airfield is Agok, just across the (disputed) border in Abyei.

INFORMATION UPDATED

Information last updated: 26/08/16

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