Gogrial West County, Warrap
2016 population projection: 334,127
Major population centers: Kwajok (state capital); Gogrial; Akun, Alek, Lunyaker, Karic
Major ethnic group: Rek Dinka, including Aguok, Awan Chan, Awan Mou and Kuach; minority Jur Lou
Medium risk of food insecurity related displacement.
Warrap State is not among the states most affected by the national conflict and Gogrial West County does not receive large numbers of displaced. A 2015 REACH trends analysis found that less than 0.5 percent of IDPs then in the main sites across the country came from Gogrial West. There is an ongoing influx of South Sudanese refugees into Sudan, with over 55,000 new arrivals since late January 2016. Refugees are largely driven by ongoing conflict and severe food insecurity. A recent UNHCR report finds that many of the refugees are coming from neighboring Northern Bahr al Ghazal State and Warrap States, though the exact county of origin is unclear. In May 2016, Warrap’s governor received reports that hunger has caused dozens of families living near the Sudan borders (and from Gogrial West County in particular) to cross into the country.
Economy & livelihoods
The majority of communities in Gogrial West are agro pastoralist, engaged in animal husbandry (37 percent), subsistence farming (37 percent), fishing (22 percent) with some “other” livelihoods (8 percent) (2013 IOM village assessment). Planting is conducted during the rainy season and the main crops are maize, sorghum, sesame, groundnuts, vegetables and millet. Cattle are prized primarily for their relationship to wealth and social status in the region. Fishing did not register as a significant percentage of the county’s population livelihood in an earlier IOM village assessment, conducted in 2009.
Warrap State’s capital, Kuajok, is in Gogrial West and is the state’s main market. Before independence, Warrap State traditionally depended on food surpluses from Abyei, but security conditions since have disrupted food supplies from the north. Supplies from Rumbek and Juba are also vulnerable to internal conflict, seasonal flooding, and poor road conditions. All three challenges have limited market access and imperiled food security in recent years.
Pastoralists throughout the State migrate during the dry season, in search of water in various parts of the northeastern and eastern Warrap State. While Gogrial West is not as affected by water and migration disputes as its conflict prone northern and eastern neighbors, periodic fighting between its Aguok community and the Apuk community in Gogrial East (recently over grazing lands by the River Nyinagoth) has disrupted livelihoods in the past.
IPC projection for Jan-Mar 2016
In December 2015, the IPC updated its previous projection of food security for Gogrial West from “stressed” to “crisis.” The change reflects the effects of disrupted trade (due to localized insecurity) and reduced crop harvests after prolonged dry spells throughout the country.
Neighboring Gogrial East County is home to President Salva Kiir and Warrap State, as a whole, was not among the states most affected by the national conflict. The main conflict drivers in the county historically are border and land disputes, cattle raiding, and competition over water with communities from Gogrial East. May 2015 saw renewed clashes between opposing Dinka communities from Gogrial East (Apuk) and Gogrial West (Aguok) Counties, over grazing rights around the River Nyinagoth. Security forces, including SPLA troops were subsequently deployed between the two counties. This is the most recent iteration of long standing conflict between the two communities
Historically, northern Warrap State has also been affected by disputes concerning the Abyei border. Abyei border disputes displaced of thousands in 2008 2009, with hundreds of refugees from Abyei settling temporarily in Gogrial West. In September 2015, delegations of the Dinka community from Gogrial West and Twic joined those from the Abyei area and Misseriya of Sudan in Aweil for a consultative conference. The dialogue aimed to restore the relationship with the Arab Misseriya (Awald Kamil) of South Kordofan, Sudan and the Dinka Rek and Dinka Twic of Warrap State.
Geography & logistics
Alek South, Alek North, Alek West, Gogrial, Kuac North, Kuac South, Akon, Akon North, Riau
Primarily flat grasslands. High water table and swamps areas in the county are good for raising livestock but can make access difficult, particularly in the rainy season. Two main of the State’s four main rivers cross the through Gogrial West. River Jur flows north through the county before turning east through Gogrial East (and into Unity State). The River LoL(l) flows across the northern part of Gogrial West. It is also called, in places, the Akon River, Wunrok River and River Pongo. Several seasonal rivers exist in all Warrap counties and are used as a source of drinking water and livelihood.
The capital Kwajok is connected by an all weather road that runs north south from Western Bahr el Ghazal to Abyei and Unity State. It also passes through Karic, Gogrial and Alek. Secondary roads run east west, connecting Akun to Alek (and through Gogrial East to Mayom, Unity State) and Gogrial to Warrap (Tonj North). The Ministry of Physical Infrastructure announced plans recently to renovate 70 km of road from Gogrial to Akon.
All season fixed-wing airstrips
Information last updated: 26/08/16
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