Gogrial East County, Warrap
2016 population projection: 141,106
Major population centers: Lietnhom / Liet-Nhom, largest town with (secondary) roads connecting it to Gogiral, Mayom and Warrap
Major ethnic group: Rek Dinka (Apuk-Giir)
Medium risk of food insecurity displacement
Warrap State is not among the states most affected by the national conflict and Gogrial West County does not receive large numbers of displaced. A 2015 displacement trends analysis found that only 0.05-1 percent of IDPs in the main IDP sites across the country come from Gogrial East. The February 2016 OCHA snapshot shows some displacement in neighboring counties, along Gogrial East’s northern border with Unity State and Twic County (Warrap State). There is also an ongoing influx of South Sudanese refugees into Sudan, with over 55,000 new arrivals since late January 2016. Refugees are largely driven by ongoing conflict and severe food insecurity. A May 2016 UNHCR report finds that many of the refugees are coming from neighboring Northern Bahr al Ghazal State and Warrap States, though the exact county of origin is unclear.
Economy & livelihoods
The majority of communities in Gogrial West are agro pastoralist, engaged in cattle rearing (43%), subsistence farming (32%), and fishing (32%) (2013 OIM). Planting is conducted during the rainy season and the main crops are maize, sorghum, millet, sesame, and groundnuts. Fishing as a percentage of local livelihoods has doubled since the OIM’s 2009 village assessment.
Pastoralists throughout Gogrial West – as well as pastoralists from Tonj South County to Abyei in the north to Lakes and Unity States in the east – migrate during the dry season, in search of water in various parts of the northeastern and eastern Warrap State. Livelihoods can be disrupted by seasonal disputes and cattle raiding. In 2015, clashes between the Apuk of Gogrial East and the Aguok of Gogrial West over grazing rights along the River Nyinagoth killed dozens of people and imperiled food security in the area. In addition, seasonal floods periodically destroy local cultivation and flash floods can wash away entire villages.
IPC projection for Jan-Mar 2016
In December 2015, the IPC updated its food insecurity projections for Gogrial East from “stressed” to “crisis.” The change reflects the effects of disrupted trade (due to localized insecurity) and reduced crop harvests after prolonged dry spells throughout the country.
Dominant Control during conflict: SPLA/M
Warrap State (home to President Salva Kiir) was not among the most states affected by the national conflict. The main conflict drivers in Gogrial East County are border and land disputes, cattle raiding and competition over water.
2015 saw renewed clashes between opposing Dinka communities from Gogrial East (Apuk) and Gogrial West (Aguok) Counties. The dispute concerned ownership over grazing rights around the River Nyinagoth. Battles between the two communities in May and July killed at least 37 people and injured dozens others. Warrap State authorities called for relief assistance, noting that fleeing populations were surviving mainly on wild fruits. Security forces, including SPLA Juba troops were subsequently deployed between the two counties and, in September 2015, it was agreed that 2,000 cattle would be distributed as compensation and a special court established. Conflict between these two tribes is recurring. In 2008, fighting along the Gogrial West and Gogrial East borders displaced around 12,000 people.
Historically, northern Warrap State has also been affected by disputes concerning the Abyei border. Various Abyei border (as well as ethnically driven conflicts) led to the displacement of thousands in 2008 2009, with refugees from Abyei settling temporarily in Twic, Gogrial West and Gogrial East.
Geography & logistics
Toc(h) North, Toc(h) East, Toc(h) West, Nyang, Pathoun East, Pathoun West
Primarily flat grasslands. High water table and swamp areas in the county are good for raising livestock but can make access difficult, particularly in the rainy season. The Jur River cuts through northern Gogial East, from Gongrial West to Unity State. The Lol(l) River flows across Gogrial East’s norther border with Unity State, before continuing into Gongrial West. This river is also called the Akon River, Wunrok River and River Pongo.
A secondary road runs through Gogrial West, connecting Mayom (Unity State) to Gogrial (Gogrial West County, Warrap State) and to Warrap (Tonj North County, Warrap State), via Litet Nhom. Gogrial is also connected to Warrap through another secondary road traveling further south through Gogrial East. Toads can become difficult to transverse during the floods in the rainy season (July to Dec).
All season fixed-wing airstrips
None. Closest airfields are in Marial lou (Tonj North County) and Wau (Western Bahr el Ghazal)
Information last updated: 26/08/16
For more information, please contact us