Aweil South County, Northern Bahr el Gahzal
2016 population projection: 100,838
Major population centers: Wuncum, Panthou and Tiaraliet villages
Major ethnic group: Dinka (Malual)
There have been limited reports of internal displacement or influx of IDPs tied directly to the national conflict. However, aid groups estimate over 70,000 South Sudanese fled into Sudan in the first half of 2016, including from Warrap, and Northern and Western Bahr el Ghazal states. They are believed to be fleeing both food insecurity and conflict.
Economy & livelihoods
Reportedly 34 percent of county residents engage in farming, 34 percent livestock rearing and 30 percent fishing as their major means of livelihood. Main crops in this region are sorghum, sesame, maize, groundnut and vegetables. The state agriculture minister has stressed the importance of using ox ploughs and in late 2015 announced the County had recently trained 750 ox plough bulls.
Northern Bahr el Ghazal State residents are the most market dependent nation wide, with over 90 percent of households relying on markets as their main source of food supplies after harvest time, according to an April 2016 joint WFP/FAO report.
IPC projection for Jan-Mar 2016
The County is classified as “Crisis” for this time period. According to the Annual Needs and Livelihood Analysis 2014 2015** report, the County’s food security outlook had severely deteriorated over the reporting period. It had a deficit of 4,867 tons of cereal in 2015.
**A collaborative effort by the Republic of South Sudan, UN agencies and development partners
Dominant Control during conflict: SPLA
Northern Bahr el Ghazal State was not directly affected by the 2013 2015 conflict; however there have been some defections and limited skirmishes between Government and Opposition forces – particularly as rebels seek to cross the state in order to enter Sudan. In July 2015, SPLA defectors from Western Bahr el Ghazal passed through Aweil South as they headed for the border with Sudan. There were no reported attacks on civilian properties in Aweil South, but the defectors did later raid civilian facilities in Aweil West, Centre and North.
Geography & logistics
Ayai, Gakorl, Nyieth, Nyocawany, Panthou, Tar weng, Tiar aleit, Wathmuok, Nyocawany II
The region falls under the Western Flood Plains livelihood zones. Both grassland and swampy areas with papyrus reed and pockets of forest are found in this area. The soil varies from clay, loamy and sandy which are suitable for agriculture, to varying degrees. Flooding is a regular concern for both agriculturalists and pastoralists. Aweil South County is the most prone to flooding in Northern Bahr el Ghazal State.
A secondary road runs across Aweil South, connecting its important villages such as Wuncum, Panthou and Tiaraliet to state capital Aweil Town at the County’s west and Warrap State to the County’s east. The road is passable year round for all vehicles.
All season fixed-wing airstrips
Ajak, Tieraliet, Wuncum
Information last updated: 26/08/16
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